Last Updated on October 12, 2020 by Maggie
When deciding to create a flower garden for your home that’s blooming wonderful, you’ll want your flowers to remain healthy and happy throughout the year!
Building the ideal environment for your garden comes with knowing what your plants need to thrive and grow strong.
There are steps that need to be taken before and during the gardening process. While vegetable gardens offer us nourishment, flower gardens offer us natural aesthetics.
For this reason, it’s important to keep your flower garden flourishing and vibrant.
Gardening takes time, some knowledge, and a little bit of patience, but it can be done.
Just follow these 5 easy steps and you will be able to create your own enchanting flower garden. Keep reading to learn more!
1. How Much Sun Does Flowers Need?
Most plants and flowers require sunlight to grow, But the question you need answering is how much sun?
Now that is a question with an answer that isn’t always clear. Most flowers need optimal energy to grow, and this energy is found within the sun’s light and in the soil.
Some plants need it more than others. Flowers and plants are a bit like people, there are those that are sun-worshipers and those that prefer a nice shady nook.
Have a look around your garden when the sun is shining and make a note of the sunny spots and shady areas during the morning, mid-day, afternoon, and evening.
Once you’ve decided on the amount of sunlight and shade your planting area receives, you’ll then need to know the type of soil you have in your garden.
2. What Type of Soil Is Best For A Flower Bed?
Good quality soil help plant roots grow stronger and help the soil retain more moisture, reducing the amount of water needed.
Flowers planted in quality soil receive adequate nutrients so they’re healthier and better able to resist pests and diseases.
Soil that is not sticky or sandy is best for planting flowers and for easy draining. It should also include a decent amount of organic material.
You may not be able to choose the type of soil in your garden, but you can improve its condition if necessary with the addition of organic matter.
Organic matter is ideal for flower beds, include leaf mold or compost and well-rotted or aged manure.
All of these organic waste materials provide the garden with the nutrients it needs for optimal flower growth.
How Do I Test My Soil For Quality and Structure?
Pick a handful of soil from your garden and rub it between your fingers, if it feels crumbly this is an indication that it’s made up of organic matter, has good soil structure, and has an earthy smell to it.
Soils that are low in organic matter give off a sour smell.
Before deciding on the types of plants you would like in your garden it’s a good idea to test the soil’s pH to see whether it is acid or alkaline and why you should care?
Knowing the pH level of your soil is important to understand whether you should choose plants that are suitable for alkaline soil or acidic soil.
Soil pH is a measure of the alkalinity and acidity in the soil. pH ranges between 0 and 14, 7.0 being neutral, +7 alkaline, and -7 acidic. The ideal pH for the majority of plants is between 5.5 and 7.0.
If your garden soil is alkaline that is a pH over 7.0 you are very lucky and have a wide variety of plants to choose from that grow well in alkaline conditions.
3. What Type of Plant is Best for My Garden?
Depending on the kind of flower garden you would like, there are two types of flowers you can choose from, annuals and perennials.
Annuals are flowers that grow from seed, bloom into a flower, produce more seeds, and then die off.
Each spring, these flowers will need to be replanted. This makes it nice for anyone wanting to switch up their gardens color or flower scheme each year.
However, these flowers do take a lot of watering, feeding, and overall maintenance, but they will flood your garden with their beautiful color all year round.
Perennials are flowers that only bloom during their specific season. The season in which they bloom depends on which type of flower they are.
Although these flowers usually only bloom for one season per year, their roots remain alive under the soil year after year.
Because of this, you won’t need to replant them. But, your garden may look a little bare during the other seasons.
Perennials also take much longer to bloom. The blooming process may even take a full year or more for these flowers, but they generally require less work than the annuals.
Mixing the Two
Luckily, you don’t have to choose one over the other. You can plant both types of flowers in your garden together!
Choose perennial flowers as your garden’s backbone and then pick out different annuals each year to blossom with the perennials. This gives your garden year-round color and structure.
Seeds vs Plants
Not sure whether you should plant seeds or the plants themselves? Well, let’s start by knowing that both annuals and perennials can be grown from seed.
Growing the flowers from seed takes much longer than buying a plant that’s already established and garden ready. With the latter just dig a hole, plant them in, water, and then you’re done.
However, if you have the time, sowing your own seeds is very gratifying and worth the extra effort, when you see those little seedlings appear you will smile with delight.
Sow the seeds in a tray of seed compost indoors and let them germinate, you will find the instructions on the back of the packet.
Once germinated and are big enough to handle, you can pot them on into 3″ pots.
Be patient as this could take several weeks before they are ready for planting in your flower garden.
4. What Color Scheme Should I go With?
Do you know what color scheme is best for your garden? Ultimately, the decision is yours.
You should plant flowers that broadcast your favorite colors or the colors that appeal to you the most.
If you’re not too picky about colors, we’re here to help. It’s always a good idea to find unity within your flower gardens color scheme.
Decide on one color and then plant flowers that vary in shades of that same color.
Mixing opposite colors on the color wheel is another great idea for a beautiful flower garden. You can try mixing reds with yellows or blues with orange colors.
As long as the garden remains peaceful and not overly exciting, you’re sure to enjoy it season after season.
5. How Should I Design the Landscape?
When designing your flower garden, you’ll want to create a natural feel.
Planting groups of 5 or more of the same color together give a nice show, rather than dotting them about the flower bed.
It’s a good idea to stand your pots of flowers in the bed to give you an idea of what they will look like.
Keep moving them around until you’re happy with the placement, then dig the holes and plant to your heart’s content.
Designing by Layers
If you have an island bed you’ll want to place your plants where they can be seen from all angles.
A flower border that is viewed only from the front then places low-growing species to the front, medium size in the middle, and taller ones at the back of the bed.
Don’t let this discourage you from planting flowers of different species and heights that suit your taste and design, whatever you feel comfortable with, and is pleasing to the eye.
It ideal to have a good mixture or combination. By doing so, your flower garden will feel like one of the earth’s natural meadows.
Designing by Shapes
You can also design your garden based on the shape of your flower-bed and the shape of your flowers. Each type of flower is shaped differently. Mix them up and see which shapes go well with one another and which ones don’t.
Perennials have button shapes along with a screen, globe, plume, daisy, spike, heart-shaped blossom, and many other shapes.
You can create almost any shape of bed you want, circle, square, oblong, diamond, kidney shape, and even heart shape, just let your imagination run wild, then plant up accordingly.
Designing by Scent
Another good tip to go by when putting together your flower gardens design is to plant by scent and the direction of the wind.
If you normally get a nice breeze that passes by your front porch, consider planting flowers in the breeze’s path that give off your favorite fragrance.
This way, every time you leave or enter your house, you’ll have a fragrant breeze caressing you.
Even on days when there’s not much wind and the cold weather has died down, planting flowers that give off lots of beautiful scents is a great way to complement your backyard.
This is especially true when hanging out, grilling out, or spending quality family time outdoors.
When planting flowers in your garden, you’ll want to plant them close enough to one another to prevent the growth of weeds. This will also better populate the garden.
If you are growing the flowers to eventually cut them, you’ll want to remember to plant foliage or extra flowers around them to keep your garden aesthetically pleasing after the removal.
Keep a wide enough pathway between each flower bed. Placing the flower beds too close to one another may make it difficult to attend to, such as watering, and weeding or possibly result in flowers being accidentally stepped on and ruined.
Keep this in mind when designing your garden and your garden is sure to give you a warm and cozy feeling every time you walk outdoors, even on the chilliest days.
Flower Garden Pro
Now that you’re a pro, building a flower garden should be a lot of fun and excitement. Stick to these few basic rules and you’ll have the best garden set up in the neighborhood.
As long as you keep these 5 tips in mind, your garden will flourish year after year.
Enjoy being in your backyard flower garden and would love to extend the time you and your family spend there but find it a little too chilly to sit out, then you may like to consider some form of heating that will help you do just that.
Follow these simple steps and you’ll have the best blooming flower garden that will turn your neighbors green with envy.